By Jayson Makoto Chun
This publication bargains a background of eastern tv audiences and the preferred media tradition that tv helped to spawn. In a relatively brief interval, the tv helped to reconstruct not just postwar eastern pop culture, but additionally the japanese social and political panorama. in the course of the early years of tv, eastern of all backgrounds, from politicians to moms, debated the results on society. the general public discourse surrounding the expansion of tv published its function in forming the id of postwar Japan throughout the period of high-speed development (1955-1973) that observed Japan remodeled into an monetary energy and one of many world's best exporters of tv programming.
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Additional resources for 'A Nation of a Hundred Million Idiots': A Social History of Japanese Television, 1953-1973
This, it might be said, is a reason why different countries are competing to [build a television system]. Takayanagi also noticed that, according to a report in a British magazine, other nations had spent a huge sum of 300 million yen on television research. He asked why they were putting in this kind of effort: The British and Americans, besides increasing the welfare and convenience of the people through television, are putting much emphasis on the rapid formation of a new industry that can rival radio.
Mizukoshi Shin cites historians who claim there were already some 50,000 individual radio operators in Japan, with 15,000 in the Tokyo area at the time of the JOAK broadcasts, who both listened to and transmitted broadcasts to each other. These early radio operators were fairly autonomous and beyond the reach of the state, posing a possible threat to the official imperial ideology. Private amateur broadcasting died out when the government began to root out local radio transmitters, replacing them with all-encompassing, central transmitting organizations such as JOAK, which were easy to censor and monitor.
The popular weekly Shūkan Asahi, in their March 11, 1928 issue conceived of television not as entertainment, but as a communications device. It pointed out that the playwright George Bernard Shaw dreamed of a television videoconferencing device in his 1921 work, Back to Methuselah: “ . . ”21 By 1930, the Hamamatsu College of Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo Electric and Nippon Electric companies had engaged in television research, and some had even constructed experimental television systems.