By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of
A similar applied sciences that gasoline clinical advances additionally pose strength risks--that the data, instruments, and methods won via valid biotechnology study might be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this is referred to as the twin use limitation of the lifestyles sciences. but even study with the best power for misuse might supply major merits. picking how one can constrain the chance with out harming crucial clinical learn is necessary for nationwide safeguard in addition to prosperity and health. This e-book discusses a 2007 survey of yankee organization for the development of technology (AAAS) individuals within the existence sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use matters and attitudes approximately their tasks to aid mitigate the dangers of misuse in their learn. total, the consequences recommend that there is huge aid for methods to oversight that depend upon measures which are constructed and applied via the clinical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of study actions of shock and to supply counsel approximately what activities scientists can take to lessen the chance that their learn can be misused by means of people with malicious cause.
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Extra info for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
107–56, October 26, 2001) established restrictions on the possession of select agents by aliens from countries designated as supporting terrorism and for other individuals who were deemed unsafe for speciﬁc objective reasons, such as those ineligible to purchase handguns. The act also made it an offense for a person to knowingly possess any biological agent, toxin, or delivery system of a type or in a quantity that, under the circumstances, is not reasonably justiﬁed by prophylactic, protective, bona ﬁde research or other peaceful purpose.
Html. 18 DUAL USE RESEARCH IN THE LIFE SCIENCES BOX 1-1 Statement of Principles by Journal Editors and Authors Group First: The scientiﬁc information published in peer-reviewed research journals carries special status, and confers unique responsibilities on editors and authors. We must protect the integrity of the scientiﬁc process by publishing manuscripts of high quality, in sufﬁcient detail to permit reproducibility. Without independent veriﬁcation—a requirement for scientiﬁc progress—we can neither advance biomedical research nor provide the knowledge base for building strong biodefense systems.
The authors argued that there can be no absolute guarantee that the research information in the publication will not be misused: “We are aware that all technological advances could be misused. . But what we are trying to understand is what happened in nature and how to prevent another pandemic. In this case, nature is the bioterrorist” (Nature 2005). Finally, the publication of botulinum toxin as a threat to the milk supply (Wein and Liu 2005) was reviewed for dual use concerns prior to publication: 20 DUAL USE RESEARCH IN THE LIFE SCIENCES The PNAS review considered both the above criteria and a more general sense that our publication of an article must not constitute a “roadmap for terrorists” by providing anyone who intends to do harm with key information that is otherwise difﬁcult to obtain.