By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for fiscal study) validated an "African reports Centre" with the help of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior learn into the industrial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African international locations. through investigations into thestructure and customers of improvement within the constructing international locations, the experiences Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the construction of a real basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's boost ment coverage could be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and fiscal sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will turn out positive or even crucial, if mistaken and slim decisions are to be shunned. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in numerous branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the complicated sensible courting which be certain monetary occasions and their mutations open air Western commercial society than might be in general completed by way of an remoted method. clever total fiscal making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this aspect the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his approach commonly styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Extra resources for Agricultural Development in Tanganyika
This is an island in Lake Victoria, situated some miles north of Ukerewe. Its total area is 29 square miles and, according to ROUNCE & THORNTON it receives 56 inches of rainfall, according to PATERSON 60-70 inches. Its population in 1962 was about 18,000. Before World War One, according to the "Deutsches Kolonial Lexikon" (Vol. III. 1920, p. 569), the population was 23-28,000. Less than half of the area is cultivated, or is suitable for cultivation. There are 620 people to each square mile of the total area, and about 1,300 to each square mile of arable land.
5 914 1 Data about Machame are an arithmetic mean of a systematic sampie of 100 farms. Data of the Agr. Dep. were obtained in an unsystematic wide spread 5urvey. They are less reliable. 2 C/J 1960 and 1961. 3 lnd. change in capital invested. 4 1961 harvest was exceptionally poor. 27 insecticides is customary. Interest is growing in copper spraying and mineral fertilizers. Most of the farmers buy some mulch (steppe-hay) in addition to their cattle manure. Worthy of note, to~, are the beginnings of a rational milk production.
By using leaves and twigs of all the trees and bushes of the island, as weil as by using for bedding the dried grass whidt has served as roofing material, nutritive materials found outside of the cultivated fields are concentrated in the man ure and returned to the land. The plant whidt is used as a green manure is a deep-rooting leg urne containing nitrogen-building baeteria. The green crop, whidt mayamount to 9 tons/acre, is dug und er during the dry season. If there is a massive growth it may be partly cut and carried to another field.