By Cheryl Anderson
The 10 Commandments condone slavery, and Deuteronomy 22 deems the rape of an single lady to injure her father instead of the girl herself. whereas many Christians forget about most elderly testomony legislation as out of date or irrelevant-with others deciding upon and selecting between them in help of particular political and social agendas-it is still a easy guiding principle of Christian doctrine that the religion is contained in either the outdated and the recent testomony. If the legislations is neglected, a major element of the religion culture is denied.In old legislation and modern Controversies, Cheryl B. Anderson tackles this challenge head on, trying to resolution the query no matter if the legislation of the outdated testomony are authoritative for Christians this present day. the difficulty is essential: a few Christians really think that the hot testomony abolishes the legislations, or that the Protestant reformers Luther, Calvin, and Wesley rejected the legislation. Acknowledging the deeply not easy nature of a few outdated testomony legislations (especially because it applies to ladies, the bad, and homosexuals), Anderson reveals that modern controversies are the results of such teams now expressing their very own realities and religion perspectives.Anderson means that we method biblical legislation in a lot a similar approach that we procedure the U.S. structure. whereas the nation's founding fathers-all privileged white men-did no longer have the negative, girls, or humans of colour in brain once they referred in its preamble to "We the people." for this reason, the structure has advanced via modification and interpretation to incorporate those that have been at the start excluded. even though it is very unlikely to amend the biblical texts themselves, the best way they're interpreted can-and should-change. With earlier scholarship grounded within the outdated testomony in addition to severe, felony, and feminist conception, Anderson is uniquely certified to use insights from modern legislation to the interpretive historical past of biblical legislations, and to attract out their implications for problems with gender, category, and race/ethnicity. In so doing, she lays the foundation for an inclusive mode of biblical interpretation.
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Additional info for Ancient Laws and Contemporary Controversies: The Need for Inclusive Biblical Interpretation
However, as Martin points out, that would eliminate or at least devalue premodern readings (such as allegorical approaches used during the Middle Ages) and cut us off from earlier church traditions. ”133 Martin argues that what is involved with these scholarly misconceptions is much more than quibbles over literary theory; at the most fundamental level, it involves an ethical issue: I believe that one of the most serious impediments to the ethical use of Scripture, especially with regard to issues of gender and sexuality, has been the myth of textual agency.
Deuteronomy 22:23–27 distinguishes between whether sexual intercourse occurs in the town or in the country: If there is a young woman, a virgin already engaged to be married, and a man meets her in the town and lies with her, you shall bring both of 34 ANCIENT LAWS AND CONTEMPORARY CONTROVERSIES them to the gate of that town and stone them to death, the young woman because she did not cry for help in the town and the man because he violated his neighbor’s wife. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.
21 Dale Martin identiﬁed the same association between the penetrated man and the subordinate female in the New Testament setting. 23 In this gender ideology of male dominance/female subordination, “women are weak, fearful, vulnerable, tender . . ”24 At the same time, there is a negative association of all things feminine. From this perspective, the problem 38 ANCIENT LAWS AND CONTEMPORARY CONTROVERSIES with the penetrated man is directly related to the prior degrading of the one who is usually penetrated, that is, the woman: The ancient condemnation of the penetrated man was possible only because sexist ideology had already inscribed the inferiority of women into heterosexual sex.