By W. Schinkel
This e-book presents a singular method of the social clinical learn of violence. It argues for an 'extended' definition of violence to be able to keep away from subscribing to commonsensical or kingdom propagated definitions of violence, and can pay particular realization to 'autotelic violence' (violence for the sake of itself), in addition to to terrorism.
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Extra info for Aspects of Violence: A Critical Theory (Cultural Criminology)
A major reason for structural violence is the uneven distribution of resources. According to Galtung, structural violence exists when people are starving ‘when this is objectively avoidable’ (Galtung, 1968: 171). He therefore also refers to structural violence as ‘social injustice’. (5) Intended violence vs unintended violence. This distinction derives its relevance from the question of guilt, which, in Judeo-Christian ethics and Roman jurisprudence, has been more relevant than the matter of consequence of action.
It is one of the most thorough analyses of the phenomenon. Now, violence as the cause of the difference between the actual and the potential has been further explicated by Galtung as follows: ‘Violence is that which increases the distance between the potential and the actual, and that which impedes the decrease of this distance’ (Galtung, 1968: 168). And he elsewhere adds that violence concerns not only the cause of the difference, but also the cause of maintaining the non-decrease between the actual and the potential (Galtung, 1968: 172).
Some performers may regard their violence as illegitimate, and, moreover, this may even be a reason for performing it. Besides, it is very often the case that the only witnesses present, being, for instance, friends of the performer, do not regard the violence as unacceptable at all. The criteria to speak of violence, namely (a) that the performer feels it is legitimate, and (b) that the witnesses deem it illegitimate, are far too restrictive. These are characteristics of some cases of violence, but hardly of all.