By Liesbet Heyse
The important query during this ebook is how non-governmental humanitarian relief agencies start up, terminate and expand their venture actions. Humanitarian relief firms on a regular basis face tough judgements approximately existence and dying in a context of great time constraints which strength them to day-by-day decide on whom to assist and whom to not aid. Heyse makes a speciality of how humanitarian relief enterprises make these kinds of judgements and gives an inside of view of the decision-making tactics. NGO case reviews are used as representation: Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF) and appearing with church buildings jointly (ACT) either one of which function in a world community and symbolize particular sorts of NGOs usually present in the neighborhood. This e-book is considered one of few that opens up the black field of NGO operations, presents an empirical account of organizational selection making and combines insights of organizational decision-making thought and association concept.
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Additional info for Choosing the Lesser Evil: Understanding Decision Making in Humanitarian Aid Ngos
This attention is relevant since NGOs appear to differ in work methods, goals, and performance. How to explain these differences? Filling a Void in NGO Research Understanding Diversity in NGO Behavior 23 In current NGO research, differences between NGOs are explained by the national context in which they originate or by the ﬁeld of expertise they operate in. Dimensions that matter in this respect are, for example, the variation in the nature of legal systems, the level of development, the degree of centralization, and the contents of governmental policies, in addition to varying degrees of religious, ethnic, and ideological heterogeneity, historical contingencies, intersectoral relations, and polity structures (James, 1989; DiMaggio and Anheier, 1990; Salamon and Anheier, 1997a).
This expansion is predominantly explained by the promise for successful performance of NGOs. However, this promise did not uphold, the performance of NGOs appeared problematic. This initiated a third strand of NGO research into the exploration of NGO problems in relation to NGO characteristics and NGO behavior. However, there is legitimate reason to question the assumption that NGOs can be treated as a coherent group of actors. A fourth strand of research therefore focuses on the study of diversity within the NGO community, as a way to explore causes of variety in NGO behavior and performance.
The organizational structure states clearly which expert has to decide on what kind of problems by means of specialization. It also ensures that the decision-making rules are clear by standardization of procedures and by assigning decision-making authority. 5 In such a setting, decision-making processes and fora are characterized by a focus on technical issues and information exchange. e. paper) objectives of the organization. Compliance is secured through sanctions and incentives: People are sanctioned if they do not make decisions according to the formal policies and procedures.